Ringworm is also referred as tinea, dermatomycosis or dermatophytosis which is caused by fungus that belong to the dermatophyte group. Trichophyton species of the dermatophyte group is mostly the caused of human ringworm. These species are Trichophyton rubrum and Trichophyton tonsurans. Here are the general information about ringworm.

1) Ringworm is a fungal infection that affects the skin, hairs and nails.

– Keratin is an essential element in the composition of the skin, hairs and nails. The fungi thrive on the nutrients in the keratin material found on them.

2) Ringworm can be transmitted to humans in three different ways.

– Direct contact to an infected person or animals can spread the fungal spores which causes the dermatophytosis. By touching an infected person or cuddling an animal with ringworms can place you to a higher risk of fungal infection.

– Indirect contact can be a way of having the ringworm. You can get the fungal spores from contaminated things such as towels, combs and other personal things. Walking barefoot in public bathrooms can also bring you fungal infection.

– Contaminated soil is also a way of transmitting the fungi, if the soil contains enough nutrients that fungi can thrive. Though it requires frequent exposure before you can acquire the fungi.

3) It takes 4 to 14 days before the symptoms of ringworm can manifest.

4) Mostly, dermatophytes thrive in warm and moist environment.

5) The symptoms of ringworm include red raised border that usually the have dry center, scaling and pale in color. In some cases, ringworm may include extreme itchiness that brings more discomfort to a person. As the ringworm grows, the red border grow larger. If you have ringworm on your scalp or on bearded areas of face or neck, there may be bald patches because the infected area causes the hair to become brittle thus falling off hairs easily.

6) There are different types of ringworm, which is named after where it is located. These includes: tinea capitis or ringworm on scalp, tinea faciei or ringworm on the face, tinea barbae also referred to as barber’s itch or ringworm on bearded areas of face and neck, tinea corporis or ringworm on the skin of the body, tinea manus or ringworm on the palmar surfaces and spaces between fingers, tinea cruris also known as jock itch or ringworm in skin folds of genital area or groin, tinea pedis also known as athlete’s foot or ringworm on the feet, and lastly, tinea unguium also called as fungal nails or onchomycosis or ringworm on the nails.

7) It is important to seek for medical help if you experience ringworm so that you can prevent it from spreading all over your body and prevent infecting other people and pets. Physicians may take some diagnostic exams to confirm fungal infection, using an ultraviolet light (Wood’s lamp), microscopic examination, scraping of lesions and fungal culture.

8) The treatment of ringworm may vary from case to case or from one person to another. Actually, it depends on the extent and severity of the infection. The doctor may prescribe a topical anti-fungal medication or systemic anti-fungal pills.

9) It is easier to prevent the occurrence of ringworm than treating them because you will not experience any discomfort or symptoms involving the fungal infection. The following are some tips that you can follow to prevent acquiring ringworm:

– Always keep yourself clean and dry.
– Avoid having a contact with infected persons and pets.
– Do not borrow personal things, it might be contaminated with fungal spores.
– Wear slippers when using public comfort rooms or  public clubs at all times.
– Let your pet stay on a clean and moist free environment.