Ringworm is a fungal infection caused by microorganisms called dermatophytes, which live on the cells in the outer layer of the skin. Ringworm is a mild infection that can be treated. But complications may occur and the might turn out to be a chronic one.

There are many types of ringworm related to the areas that they affect. These are ringworm of the body or tinea corporis, ringworm in the scalp or tinea capitis, ringworm in feet or tinea pedis and ringworm in groin or tinea cruris. Their symptoms may vary from one case to another. But the typical ringworm symptoms is that it appears as a red round lesion and scaly borders. In most cases, the infected areas are itchy.

Scalp ringworm or tinea capitis is defined by developing red, flat and round patches on the scalp and may cause a fragile hair that may lead to baldness and it also causes dandruff. The problems with treating scalp ringworm are caused by the fungi that became resistant to the treatment.

Tinea pedis also known as athlete’s foot develops in the moist area between the toes. It gives an itchy rash with fissuring and scaling between the toes.

Groin ringworm or jock itch is a problem that affects the inner upper thighs, genitals and buttocks. The diagnosis is usually made after the appearance of the typical ringworm rash. Although, a microscope watch is recommended in cases of tinea capitis.

When consulting a doctor, tell him what treatment was applied on the rashes because after certain treatments the patches chance their form and looks. Antifungal lotions and creams are proved to be helpful in treating ringworm rashes. These creams are recommended for all types of ringworm, except tinea capitis which is more difficult to treat and requires several months of oral medication. Some available lotions that might help treating ringworm are spectazole, loprox or oxistat.

There is some general information that you should know. Often, ringworm is misdiagnosed because of its symptoms similar to pityriasis rosea and numular eczema. It is good to know that athlete’s foot is unusual in children. The most common ringworm in children is tinea capitis that might lead to outbreaks of ringworm in schools and other child care centers. 

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